The principal purpose of this model is to provide a map of what a supervisor can attend to so as to ensure that the whole system is brought into the room. It can be useful in a number of ways:
- For novice supervisors, it provides a framework to guide our interventions, enabling us to ensure that we cover the necessary ground. As we become more familiar with the model, so using it to guide our attention will become increasingly second nature.
- For coaches working in peer group supervision sessions, it provides a structure to our conversation, helping us to cover the territories effectively.
- For experienced supervisors, it provides an anchor point to which we can return when we feel lost or cast adrift in our supervision sessions. It also shows us where we prefer to focus as supervisors, and where our gaze does not fall.
- For all supervisors, it provides a framework for reflecting after a supervision session on the session and analysing what happened, and a structure for writing it up. After the session in the case illustration above had finished, I reflected using the 3W4T model on what had happened. Some of the movement described above only became apparent in this post-session sense-making process. And more became apparent only in writing this case illustration.
- For coaches using a 2 World (Work and Coaching worlds) 4 Territory model enables self-supervision and reflection after coaching sessions. The output from this can then be a useful input to our supervision sessions.